Carbon Footprint

What is a Carbon Footprint?


The Oxford dictionary defines the carbon footprint as the total amount of carbon dioxide and other carbon compounds emitted by a particular person, group, etc,- due to the consumption of fossil fuels. The total greenhouse gas emissions caused by an individual, event, organization, or product, is described as a carbon dioxide equivalent.


The carbon footprint is considered primarily an estimate, due to the complexity and difficulty of including 100 percent of the greenhouse gases emitted throughout an entire process of production and use. This process includes but is not limited to: the burning of fossil fuels, clearing of land, the production and consumption of the food, goods, materials, wood, roads, buildings, as well as transport,.. just to name a few.


For most households, Indirect sources are the primary contributing factor to their carbon footprint. This is because the products in use there are manufacturered, fuel is burned, and emissions are produced at remote locations far away from the final consumer.

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The BOREAS Project

The Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study (BOREAS) is a large-scale international interdisciplinary experiment in the northern boreal forests of Canada. Its goal was to improve our understanding of the boreal forests – how they interact with the atmosphere, how much CO2 they can store, and how climate change will affect them.

Global Carbon Project

Scientific partnership that aims to develop a complete picture of the global carbon cycle, including both its biophysical and human dimensions together with the interactions and feedbacks between them. A project of the Earth System Science Partnership of the International Geosphere Biosphere Programme (IGBP), World Climate Research Programme (WCRP), and the International Human Dimensions Programme (IHDP).

The Carbon Trust

The Carbon Trust is an independent not for profit company set up by the UK Government with support from business to take the lead on low carbon technology and innovation in the UK.

The Gold Standard

An NGO-backed tool that generates premium carbon credits and promotes sustainable development. It is a source of information for all stakeholders involved in CDM/JI projects.

Hydrogen Production With Carbon Sequestration

Research overview of the production of carbon sequestering fertilizer made during renewable hydrogen production.

Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium

The MGSC will assess the potential for geologic sequestration of carbon dioxide in the deeply buried unminable coal seams, depleting oil or gas reservoirs, and brine-filled rock formations found in the Illinois Basin.

MIT Carbon Capture and Sequestration Technologies

Background information and details of research projects.

Ocean Chemistry of Greenhouse Gases

Information about research by the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) into ocean sequestration of carbon dioxide.