Overview: Global Warming & Climate Change

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Global Warming & Climate Change


How Can We Stop Global Warming?,- A Basic Introduction and Overview.



The artic polar bear has become the poster-child of the climate change movement. Explore these pages to learn more about why.. Photo Credit

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What is Global Warming?

Based on the measurements that we have available to us since record keeping first began in 1880’s, the facts seem to indicate that our world is getting warmer. This is the trend that we are referring to when we use the phrase ‘global warming.’ Before we debate whether this is true or not, let’s take a look to see what the scientists are saying. If you’ve heard of global warming but aren’t familiar with the details, this is a great place to get started. Empower yourself with knowledge.  The first step in saving the environment is educating yourself:

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What are greenhouse gases?

And how do they get into our atmosphere? The gases ammonia, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane gas, and a class of gases collectively known as the chlorofluorocarbons, are all referred to as the greenhouse gases.  These are the damaging gases that are contained in the pollution coming out of our factories, as well as the exhaust coming out of our automobiles. And these gases together are primarily responsible for producing the effect referred to by scientists as the greenhouse effect:

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Global Warming or Climate Change?

The terms global warming and climate change are often used interchangeably. You see it happen on websites, and blogs, and books. It’s very common! And the terms global warming and climate change are used interchangeably here as well. But what is the actual difference between these terms? In moving forward, there is a slight difference that you should at least be aware of. So what do we mean when we use these different words? Global warming and climate change?,= equals cause and effect!

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What is Deforestation?

According to the experts, forests cover more than 30 percent of the land area on our planet.  They help people thrive by purifying the air we breath and the water we drink, and they provide a home to a huge chunk of our terrestrial biodiversity, providing habitat for a vast array of trees, plants, animals, and insects. Forests also play a critical role in preventing climate change because they absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. What are the principle causes of deforestation and its impacts? And how is deforestation related to global warming?

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Agriculture & Climate Change.

In terms of environmental impact, the loss of trees caused by agriculture has a significant impact on global warming and climate change. The process of removing trees to create farmland, whether it is used for growing crops, or for grazing cattle, not only removes the vegetation we need to offset climate change, but also contributes damaging greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. In this section, let’s take a look at what the experts are saying about modern-day agriculture and it’s role in encouraging deforestation, climate change, and how it impacts a loss of biodiversity.

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Recommended Sites

Here are a few of the most useful and interesting sites I found while doing research:

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Established by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) to assess available scientific, technical, and socio-economic information in the field of climate change. Links to full-text papers, meeting schedule, speeches and press releases, and an information center offering data viewed as statistics, graphically, and by map.

NASA: Global Climate Change

Vital Signs of the Planet: Global Climate Change and Global Warming. Current news and data streams about global warming and climate change. This NASA website is based on the evidence, causes, effects, and solutions of climate change.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOAA’s mission to better understand our natural world and help protect its precious resources extends beyond national borders to monitor global weather and climate, and work with partners around the world. 

What is the greenhouse effect? – NASA Climate Kids

The greenhouse effect is a process that occurs when gases in Earth’s atmosphere trap the Sun’s heat. This process makes Earth much warmer than it would be without an atmosphere. The greenhouse effect is one of the things that makes Earth a comfortable place to live.

Cowspiracy: The Sustainability Secret

A groundbreaking feature-length environmental documentary. This documentary discusses animal agriculture in terms of a leading cause of deforestation, water consumption and pollution, greenhouse gases, species extinction, habitat loss, topsoil erosion, ocean “dead zones,” and other environmental problems.

Union of Concerned Scientists

The Union of Concerned Scientists is a national nonprofit organization founded more than 50 years ago by scientists and students at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, using rigorous, independent science to solve our planet’s most pressing problems.

The State of the World’s Forests – FAO

The State of the World’s Forests, from the Food and Agriculture Organization. The Food and Agriculture Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger and improve nutrition and food security.

What’s driving Deforestation?

Forest, especially tropical forest, store enormous amounts of carbon. When forests are destroyed, that carbon is released to the atmosphere, accelerating global warming. The Union of Concerned Scientists is a nonprofit science advocacy organization based in the United States.

Mongabay

Mongabay.com is a web site that publishes news on environmental science, energy, and green design, and features extensive information on tropical rainforests, including pictures and deforestation statistics for countries of the world.

World Wildlife Fund

The World Wide Fund for Nature is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961, that works in the field of wilderness preservation and the reduction of human impact on the environment.

Amazon Conservation Association

The Amazon Conservation Association is a non-profit organization working to conserve the biodiversity of the Amazon basin through the development of new scientific understanding, sustainable resource management, and rational land-use policy.

Yale University Global Forest Atlas

The Yale Forest Forum (YFF) was established in 1994 by Professor John Gordon to engage a diverse group of leaders in forestry and on forest policy and management in the United States.



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